Undergraduate Courses in Archaeology
An introductory course on how the world’s archaeological resources are threatened and need rescue, protection, and management. Archaeology studies this cultural heritage and rediscovers human experience from its origins to the present. What is the nature of archaeological evidence, and how can it be saved. Each semester
A course that presents the archaeology of Lebanon: its history, institutional organization, the state of the evidence, and the problems Lebanon’s archaeological heritage is facing. Reports of the country’s main excavated sites and standing monuments are studied in combination with required site visits. Alternate years
A study of the methods of recovery, systematic description, integration, and presentation of archaeological material for the preservation and reconstruction of information from the human past. Special emphasis is given to cultural heritage preservation and education in Lebanon and the Near East. Alternate years
A course on the physical and cultural evolution of hominids and early humans subsisting on food gathering, hunting, and fishing in a Pleistocene environment. The cultural and functional significance of artifacts and lifestyles are investigated with the help of information gained from the palaeoenvironment, experimental technology, and ethnography. Alternate years
A course on the gradual domestication of plants and animals, leading to food production, and the development of socio-cultural systems with increasing differentiation of activities. Neolithic village communities are investigated for evidence of new technologies and arts and crafts, including exotic raw materials and luxury goods. Alternate years
A course on the growth of small towns and larger urban centers in an essentially agricultural environment. The changes that occurred during the later second millennium and the breakdown of the Bronze Age urban palace culture are investigated. Alternate years
An investigation of the archaeology of the Levantine coast between 1 200 and 300 BC, with special emphasis on recently excavated Iron Age sites in Lebanon. This course examines the organization of the Phoenician city-states, the origin and development of the alphabet, and the use of ethnicity and political ideology concerning the term "Phoenician". Alternate years
A study of the Phoenician, mainly Tyrian and Sidonian, expansion in the Mediterranean, its causes, and the means by which it was achieved. This course also examines the material culture of the first millennium BC Phoenician settlements in Cyprus, North Africa, Italy, and Spain, and cultural and economic interaction with local populations. Offered occasionally
A study of the major political, cultural, and technological achievements of Mesopotamian civilization from the fourth millennium BC to the fall of the Neo-Babylonian Empire. Specific archaeological sites are chosen to illustrate the material culture of the successive historical periods from Late Uruk to Neo-Babylonian times. Offered occasionally
A course on the Greek Bronze and ‘Dark Ages” (221) , covering the archaeology of Minoan Crete, the Cyclades, Helladic and Mycenaean Greece, and the development of the early Greek city states. Archaic and Classical Greece (222) explores the history and archaeology of Greece, western Asia Minor, and the Greek colonies in the Black Sea, southern Italy, and Sicily from the eighth to the fourth centuries BC. Alternate years
A course on the history and archaeology of the empire of Alexander the Great and his successors, in Greece, Asia Minor, the Near East, and Iran, from the fourth to first centuries BC. This course covers the spread of Greek culture and institutions and their interaction with local cultures. Alternate years
An introduction to society and culture of the Roman Empire. The focus of this course is on Rome and the provinces. imperial history, everyday life, and material culture between the second century BC and the fourth century AD, with special emphasis on the first and second centuries, when the Roman Empire was at its height. Alternate years
A study of the history and material culture of the Near East, from the first century BC to the seventh century AD, including archaeological sites, religion, art, and architecture. The emphasis is on local traditions and responses to Roman rule. Alternate years
An investigation of the material culture of Syria and Palestine from 1200—300 BC, with special emphasis on the origin and early settlement of Philistines, Israelites, and Aramaeans, the formation of their states, and the processes of urbanization. Alternate years
A study of ancient Mesopotamian, Canaanite, and biblical religious texts with emphasis on creation myths, divine beings, death and the afterlife, cults and rituals. This course also contains a complementary investigation of archaeological evidence for religious beliefs and practices. Offered occasionally
A course entailing participation in archaeological fieldwork to acquire practical experience of methods and techniques used in area surveys, excavation, building recording, post-excavation analysis, or ethnographic data collection related to archaeological fieldwork.
Restricted to archaeology majors and minors. Annually
A course on the archaeology of a particular area, region (e.g., Anatolia, the Arabian Peninsula, Egypt, Iran, etc.) or subject. Such courses will be offered by resident or visiting specialists in their respective fields. May be repeated for credit. Offered occasionally
A seminar on research methods in archaeology. Subjects will include the study and identification of material culture and theoretical frameworks, or explanation in archaeology. Students are expected to research specific topics, present the results for discussion at workshop sessions, and submit their final analysis in research papers. Alternate years
An introduction to West Semitic epigraphy, including the origin of the alphabet and development of alphabetic scripts, presentation of the various Semitic dialects, and paleography and selected texts for illustration. This course may be repeated for credit under different topics. Offered occasionally
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Graduate Courses in Archaeology
A seminar on current key theories and debates in archaeology, such as center/periphery, economics and world systems analysis, power and hierarchy, cognitive archaeology, critiques of ideology or the politics of interpretation and presentation of the past, native peoples, and gender issues. May be repeated for credit. Students can receive credit for both 301 and 302.
An introduction to ancient Semitic epigraphy in general, and to one of the ancient East or West Semitic languages in particular. Alternately, Akkadian, Phoenician, or Aramaic texts are studied. Students can receive credit for both 303 and 304.
A technical analysis and representation of archaeological artifacts, including composition, production technique, description, and drawing for publication of ceramic, metal, stone, and bone artifacts. Students can receive credit for both 305 and 306.
A study of particular sites and materials to train students in archaeological research and analysis. May be repeated for credit.
A course of advanced training in archaeological surveys, excavations, artifact recording or ethnographic data collection related to archaeological fieldwork. Students can receive credit for both 323 and 324.
An analytical investigation of published and unpublished material, as in post-excavation analysis of archaeological data and information, for the purpose of presenting archaeological results to the scientific and general public. Students can receive credit for both 325 and 326.
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